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Aztec Rail

From Opus

Alternative name: Mexican Rail

Rallus tenuirostris

Contents

[edit] Identification

33-42 cm.

[edit] Dark morph

  • Duller, less dark and less boldly marked on upperparts than King Rail
  • Wite chin and throat contrasting with broad pale cinnamon-pink malar stripe
  • Rufous underparts with barred dull brown and white to pinkish-cinnamon flanks
  • Mostly plain white undertail-coverts

[edit] Pale morph

  • Very pale centre of underparts, white with pinkish-cinnamon wash

Sexes similar, juveniles are darker above and duller than adults.

[edit] Distribution

Eastern Mexico (the other colours show the distribution of King Rail)
Legend

 R. tenuirostris; year-round
Maps/Texts consulted1,2,3,4,5

[edit] Habitat

Freshwater or brackish marshes and marsh-shrub swamp habitats.
Recorded from 800 to 2500 m.

[edit] Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species.
Formerly considered conspecific with King Rail (and sometimes also with Clapper Rail, Mangrove Rail and Ridgway's Rail)

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Mainly crayfish and crabs, but also includes other aquatic invertebrates, small fish, insects, and some plant seeds.

[edit] Breeding

Breeding season from April to September. One recorded nest was a domed structure placed in a seasonal stand of spikerush. 5 eggs recorded.

[edit] Movements

A resident species with some seasonal dispersal.

[edit] References

  1. Howell, Steve N.G. and Sophie Webb. 1995. A Guide to the Birds of Mexico and Northern Central America. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780198540120
  2. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2014. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9., with updates to August 2014. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  3. Gill, F and D Donsker (Eds). 2014. IOC World Bird Names (version 4.4). Available at http://www.worldbirdnames.org/.
  4. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved July 2016)

[edit] External Links

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