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Baillon's Crake - BirdForum Opus

Subspecies Z. p. palustris
Photo © by Mitcon
Adelaide, South Australia, September 2005
Zapornia pusilla

Porzana pusilla

Identification

17–19 cm (6¾-7½)

  • Rufous-brown above with black marks
  • White loopy streaks on wing coverts
  • Underparts and cheeks grey
  • Flanks, belly and undertail coverts have black and white barring
  • Greyish-pink to olive-brown legs
Nominate subspecies
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Basai Wetlands, Dist. Gurgaon, Haryana, India, March-2015
  • Long toes
  • Dull green bill
  • Red eyes
  • Narrow white leading edge on outer wing

Juvenile: lacks the grey cheeks and underparts, which are a rather dirty brown.

Similar Species

The Little Crake has no white streaks on the wing coverts.

Distribution

From Europe and Africa to east Asia, Australia, and New Zealand.

Taxonomy

Subspecies Z. p. intermedia Juvenile
Photo © by zykoay
Perdana Botanical Gardens, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, December 2015

Placed in genus Porzana by IOC.

Subspecies

There are 6 subspecies1:

Habitat

Sedge beds. Areas of low, dense vegetation and small pools.

Behaviour

Subspecies Z. p. intermedia
Photo © by margitta
Isola Della Cona, Italy, March 2011

Very secretive bird.

Flight

Weak flight, with dangling legs.
Walks or runs.

Diet

The diet consists mostly of aquatic insects and larvae.

Breeding

They nest in a dry location in wet sedge bogs, laying 4-8 eggs.

Vocalisation

Listen in an external program

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved November 2015)
  3. Collins Pocket Guide to British Birds 1966
  4. Collins Field Guide 5th Edition
  5. Collins Bird Guide ISBN 0 00 219728 6

Recommended Citation

External Links


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