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Bald Eagle

From Opus

Photo © by IowaySoutheast Iowa, USA, 2009
Photo © by Ioway
Southeast Iowa, USA, 2009
Haliaeetus leucocephalus


[edit] Identification

ImmaturePhoto © by Jim Crosswell Windsor, Ontario, July 2008
Photo © by Jim Crosswell
Windsor, Ontario, July 2008

L. 30-31" (76-79 cm)
W. 6-7' 6" (1.8-2.3 m)

  • Large blackish eagle
  • White head and tail
  • Heavy yellow bill

Immature birds lack the white head and tail (resembling adult Golden Eagle). The have a black bill and a varying amount of white plumage.

[edit] Distribution

Breeds from Alaska east to Newfoundland and south locally to California, Great Lakes, and Virginia; also in Arizona, along Gulf Coast, and in Florida. Formerly more widespread. Winters along coasts and large rivers in much of United States.

[edit] Endangered Status

The Bald Eagle was delisted (removed from) the Endangered Species List by the Department of Interior of the federal government of the USA on June 28th, 2007.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

There are 2 subspecies[1]:

  • H. l. washingtoniensis:
  • H. l. leucocephalus:
  • Locally from southern US to north-western Mexico

A third subspecies alascanus[2] is not recognised by all authorities.

[edit] Habitat

Lakes, rivers, marshes, and seacoasts Goes into residential areas, especially in winter.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Breeding

They build a large nest of sticks on top of a cliff or in a tall tree. Two to three white eggs are laid.

[edit] Diet

Their main diet is fish, which is snatched from the surface of water. Alternatively they will rob an Osprey of its catch

[edit] Vocalisation

Squeaky cackling and thin squeals.

[edit] Gallery

Click on photo for larger image

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from
  2. Avibase
  3. eNature

[edit] External Links


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