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Band-bellied Crake

From Opus

AdultPhoto by jweeyhSingapore, January 2018
Adult
Photo by jweeyh
Singapore, January 2018
Zapornia paykullii

Porzana paykullii

Contents

[edit] Identification

20–22 cm (7¾-8¾ in)

[edit] Adult

Sub-adultPhoto by SeeTohChinese Garden, Singapore, March 2014
Sub-adult
Photo by SeeToh
Chinese Garden, Singapore, March 2014

Forehead rufous; rest of upperparts olive-brown; greater and median upperwing-coverts variably marked white; chin and throat white; side of head to breast cinnamon-rufous; flanks to undertail-coverts boldly barred black and white (dark bars browner in female). Legs and feet salmon to red; bill blue-grey with green base.

[edit] First-winter

Duller overall plumage as compared to adult. Paler, washed-out head-sides and breast. May lack the white bars on wing coverts.

[edit] Similar species

Resembles Ruddy-breasted Crake but the Band-bellied Crake has a stronger, thicker and shorter bill. The black and white bars between the flanks and undertail-coverts are also more distinct than the Ruddy-breasted Crake.

[edit] Distribution

Breeds in North-eastern Asia, winters in south-east Asia:
Asia: Russia, Sakhalin Island, Siberia, China, Inner Mongolia, North Korea, Japan
South-east Asia: Indochina, Vietnam, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Borneo, Indonesia, Greater Sundas, Sumatra, Java, Sulawesi

[edit] Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].

Some authorities recognize a second subspecies boineti2.
Placed in genus Porzana by IOC.

[edit] Habitat

Breeds in lowland marshes and tussocky meadows containing thickets or small trees; winters in wet grassland, swamps and paddyfields.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Their diet consists of crustaceans, insects and worms. Also known to scavenge dead fish.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved December 2014)
  4. Wikipedia
  5. BirdLife International
  6. Barry Taylor. "Rails: A Guide to Rails, Crakes, Gallinules and Coots of the World"

[edit] External Links

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