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Banded Broadbill

From Opus

Photo by Karim Madoya Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Borneo, June 2009
Photo by Karim Madoya
Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Borneo, June 2009

Alternative names: Horsfield's Broadbill; Purple-headed Broadbill

Eurylaimus javanicus

Contents

[edit] Identification

Photo by 996sps Ayer Keroh, Malacca, Malaysia, March 2007
Photo by 996sps
Ayer Keroh, Malacca, Malaysia, March 2007

Size-21.5 to 23.5cm
A large, distinctive broadbill:

  • Purple-red head with black lores
  • Dark upperparts with prominent yellow markings
  • Blackish-brown wings with broad yellow on flight feathers
  • Light purple-pink underparts
  • Turquoise-blue bill
  • Males of most subspecies have a narrow blackish band across the beast and a greyer-tinged head than females
  • javanicus has a pure yellow vent and males lack the breastband

[edit] Distribution

Found from southeast Burma to Thailand, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, the Malay Peninsula, Borneo, Sumatra and Java.
Locally common in suitable habitat.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

There are 5 subspecies:

  • E. j. friedmanni:
  • E. j. pallidus:
  • E. j. harterti:
  • Sumatra, Riau Archipelago, Bangka Island and Belitung Island
  • E. j. brookei:
  • Borneo and North Natuna Islands
  • E. j. javanicus:
  • Java - should possibly be treated as full species

[edit] Habitat

Lowland forest. Broadleaved evergreen jungle, semi evergreen jungles; wetter areas in mixed decidous jungle up to 1100m, locally higher.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Feeds mainly on insects, takes sometimes small fruits. Plucks prey from foliage. Sits often motionless on a perch.

[edit] Breeding

They build a pear-shaped nest suspended from the branch of a large tree, usually close to the trunk. The entrance, near the top of the nest, is protected by a slanting overhang. The nest is built from twigs, and a variety of vegetable material. The exterior of the nest is covered with bryophytes, lichens and cobwebs; the interior is lined with leaves.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, JF. 2010. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2010. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/Clements%206.5.xls/view
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliot, and D Christie, eds. 2003. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 8: Broadbills to Tapaculos. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8487334504
  3. Avibase
  4. Bird Ecology Study Group
  5. BF Member observations

[edit] External Links

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