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Bay-backed Shrike

From Opus

Nominate subspeciesPhoto © by Alok Tewari Gurgaon Rural, Haryana, India, January-2018
Nominate subspecies
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Gurgaon Rural, Haryana, India, January-2018
Lanius vittatus


[edit] Identification

Immature, nominate subspeciesPhoto © by Alok TewariDist. Jhajjar, Haryana, India, 27 September 2019
Immature, nominate subspecies
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Dist. Jhajjar, Haryana, India, 27 September 2019

17–19 cm (6¾-7½)

  • Chestnut-brown above
  • Grey crown and nape
  • Small white wing patch
  • Black mask through the eye
  • Pale rump
  • White underparts
  • Buff flanks
  • Long, white-edged black tail
  • Dark grey bill and legs

Sexes similar
Juveniles paler versions of adults

[edit] Distribution

Afghanistan, Pakistan and India, and has recently been recorded from Sri Lanka(Citation needed).

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

Nominate subspeciesPhoto © by Jugal TiwariKutch, Gujarat, India, February 2007
Nominate subspecies
Photo © by Jugal Tiwari
Kutch, Gujarat, India, February 2007

This is a polytypic species, consisting of two subspecies[1]:

  • L. v. vittatus:
  • Pakistan (Indus Plains) to western Bengal and southern India (except for south-west)
  • L. v. nargianus:

[edit] Habitat

Scrubby areas, open bushland, thorn forests and cultivation.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Subspecies nargianus, Turkmenistan ShrikePhoto © by WorldInFocusTaif, Saudi Arabia, 13 March 2020
Subspecies nargianus, Turkmenistan Shrike
Photo © by WorldInFocus
Taif, Saudi Arabia, 13 March 2020

Their diet consists almost entirely of insects such as beetles, grasshoppers, crickets, locusts, butterflies, moths, flies, wasps, bees and ants. They will also take lizards, small birds and rodents.

[edit] Breeding

Three to five eggs are laid.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from
  2. Yosef, R., International Shrike Working Group & de Juana, E. (2020). Bay-backed Shrike (Lanius vittatus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 14 March 2020)

[edit] Recommended Citation

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