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Bearded Reedling

From Opus

Alternative names: Bearded Parrotbill; Bearded Tit; Whiskered Tit; Bearded Tit-Babbler; Reedling

MalePhoto by Mahsleb Minsmere, England, March 2009
Photo by Mahsleb
Minsmere, England, March 2009
Panurus biarmicus


[edit] Identification

FemalePhoto by michha62Cley, Norfolk, England, February, 2009
Photo by michha62
Cley, Norfolk, England, February, 2009

Length: 16.5cm (6.5in).
Male has a blue grey head, yellow eye, yellow bill, black drooping moustache, creamy brown back, long tail.
Female lacks moustache and blue grey head.

[edit] Distribution

JuvenilePhoto by scottishdudeMinsmere, England, May 2009
Photo by scottishdude
Minsmere, England, May 2009

Very random range in Europe, much more prevalent further east in Asia.

In the Western Palearctic breeds in Britain and irregularly distributed at coastal sites from western France to Denmark, more widespread in Germany, including some inland areas and east to Poland and the Baltic States. Further south breeds in parts of central Spain and the Mediterranean coasts of Spain and France and the north Adriatic coast of Italy. More common and widespread in the east in Hungary and Romania, parts of Greece and central Turkey, and in the far east in the Volga Delta.

In Britain breeds in southern and eastern England, two main localities in northern England and also at one site in Scotland.

Most populations are basically sedentary but undergo irruptive movements when birds disperse to other reedbeds. Some may return in spring to original site others form the basis of a new colony.

Winter range is similar to but usually rather more extensive than breeding range.

Vagrants recorded in Morocco, Algeria and Syria.

[edit] Taxonomy

Male, subspecies biarmicusPhoto by Digiscoper321West Sweden, December 2017
Male, subspecies biarmicus
Photo by Digiscoper321
West Sweden, December 2017

Not a true tit, therefore the international name Bearded Parrotbill. Formerly placed with the parrotbills which are itself sometimes placed within the babblers. New research however have shown that this species is a sister group to the larks and is better placed in its own family, Panuridae.

[edit] Subspecies

There are 3 subspecies[1]:

  • Nominate biarmicus is found over most of Europe
  • The very similar but slightly paler russicus occurs from Austria to southern Russia and Turkey.
  • The darker and more rufous kosswigi from Amik Golu in southern Turkey is probably now extinct.

An additional subspecies occidentalis is generally considered invalid[2].

[edit] Habitat

Juvenile, possibly malePhoto by MahslebMinsmere, Suffolk, September 2011
Juvenile, possibly male
Photo by Mahsleb
Minsmere, Suffolk, September 2011

The main habitat is large reedbeds on fresh or brackish water, sometimes with scattered trees and bushes.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Flight

Lives in reedbeds, where its flight is low, slow and weak with whirring wingbeats.

[edit] Diet

Feeds on spiders, insects, caterpillars and also seeds from the reed beds for part of the year.

[edit] Breeding

Builds a cup nest of dead leaves and other marsh plants, often producing 3 or 4 broods a year.

[edit] Vocalisation

Voice is a loud pinging - very distinctive.

Listen in an external program

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from
  2. Avibase
  3. Birdcheck

[edit] External Links

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