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Bengal Florican - BirdForum Opus

Subspecies bengalensis
Photo © by kothiala
Manas National Park, Assam, India, 26 February 2019
Houbaropsis bengalensis


Subspecies bengalensis
Photo © by firozhussain
Arunachal Pradesh, India, February 2016

Male 64 cm (25¼ in), Female 68 cm (26¾ in)

  • Black overall plumage
  • Large white wing panel on closed wing

In flight, wings wholly white apart from black tips.

Female and immature: buffy-brown to sandy-rufous overall plumage. Wing-coverts buffish-white with fine, dark bars.


Subspecies blandini
Photo © by tony.saw
Kru Krom, Cambodia, April 2009

Two distinct populations; one in India and Nepal. The other in Cambodia and Vietnam.


Eupodotis vs. Houbaropsis

Some authorities (Sibley & Monroe, 1996) lump the genus Houbaropsis within Eupodotis. However, Clements (2007) and Howard & Moore (2003) have split Houbaropsis as a separate genus, and the Opus follows in this consensus.


Subspecies blandini
Photo © by Michael Hooper
Prolay Grassland, Cambodia, March 2018

There are 2 subspecies[1]:

  • H. b. bengalensis:
  • Grasslands of eastern and northern India and terai of Nepal
  • H. b. blandini:


Lowland, flat grassland, interspersed with scattered scrub or patchy open forest.



The diet consists mostly of vegetable matter in the non-breeding season, with the addition of invertebrates in the breeding season.


They nest in a bare scrape. The clutch consists of 1 or 2 eggs which are incubated by the female for 25–28 days. The female cares for the young.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. BirdLife International
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved February 2016)
  4. Wikipedia

Recommended Citation

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