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Bengal Florican

From Opus

Subspecies bengalensisPhoto © by firozhussainManas, Assam, India, March 2018
Subspecies bengalensis
Photo © by firozhussain
Manas, Assam, India, March 2018
Houbaropsis bengalensis


[edit] Identification

Subspecies bengalensisPhoto © by firozhussainArunachal Pradesh, India, February 2016
Subspecies bengalensis
Photo © by firozhussain
Arunachal Pradesh, India, February 2016

Male 64 cm (25¼ in), Female 68 cm (26¾ in)

  • Black overall plumage
  • Large white wing panel on closed wing

In flight, wings wholly white apart from black tips.

Female and immature: buffy-brown to sandy-rufous overall plumage. Wing-coverts buffish-white with fine, dark bars.

[edit] Distribution

Subspecies blandiniPhoto © by tony.sawKru Krom, Cambodia, April 2009
Subspecies blandini
Photo © by tony.saw
Kru Krom, Cambodia, April 2009

Two distinct populations; one in India and Nepal. The other in Cambodia and Vietnam.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Eupodotis vs. Houbaropsis

Some authorities (Sibley & Monroe, 1996) lump the genus Houbaropsis within Eupodotis. However, Clements (2007) and Howard & Moore (2003) have split Houbaropsis as a separate genus, and the Opus follows in this consensus.

[edit] Subspecies

Subspecies blandiniPhoto © by Michael HooperProlay Grassland, Cambodia, March 2018
Subspecies blandini
Photo © by Michael Hooper
Prolay Grassland, Cambodia, March 2018

There are 2 subspecies[1]:

  • H. b. bengalensis:
  • Grasslands of eastern and northern India and terai of Nepal
  • H. b. blandini:

[edit] Habitat

Lowland, flat grassland, interspersed with scattered scrub or patchy open forest.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

The diet consists mostly of vegetable matter in the non-breeding season, with the addition of invertebrates in the breeding season.

[edit] Breeding

They nest in a bare scrape. The clutch consists of 1 or 2 eggs which are incubated by the female for 25–28 days. The female cares for the young.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from
  2. BirdLife International
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved February 2016)
  4. Wikipedia

[edit] External Links


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