- Oriolus cruentus
21–24 cm (8¼-9½ in)
- Bluish grey bill
Male: Broad, dark crimson breast patch, rest of body black. Dark crimson wing patch.
Female: Dull black tinged greyish on lower breast and belly
Female can be told from the Malayan Whistling Thrush by shorter tail, colour of bill, lack of iridescence in plumage and strictly arboreal in habits.
There are 4 subspecies:
- O. c. malayanus on the Malay Peninsula
- O. c. consanguineus in Sumatra
- O. c. vulneratus in the mountains of northern Borneo
- O. c. cruentus in Java
Montane forest and forest edges.
Frequents the canopy and middle story, flitting though the foliage after small insects. Generally silent and unobtrusive. Regularly participates in bird waves.
Their main diet consists of berries and fruits, particularly figs. They also eat insects such as beetle larvae and termites.
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
- Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved Jan 2018)
- BirdForum Opus contributors. (2021) Black-and-crimson Oriole. In: BirdForum, the forum for wild birds and birding. Retrieved 27 July 2021 from https://www.birdforum.net/wiki/Black-and-crimson_Oriole