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Black-bellied Starling

From Opus

Photo by rudydbn Illovo Glen, South Africa, January 2006
Photo by rudydbn
Illovo Glen, South Africa, January 2006

Alternative names: Black-bellied Glossy Starling; Black-breasted Glossy Starling

Notopholia corusca

Lamprotornis corruscus


[edit] Identification

Photo by balticbirdMkuzi, South Africa, November 2000
Photo by balticbird
Mkuzi, South Africa, November 2000

A small, dark and short-tailed Starling. 18cm.

  • Glossy dark green crown, nape and mantle, some iridescent blue on ear-coverts
  • Dark green back, rump and uppertail-coverts with violet-blue gloss
  • Dark blue-green wings with some gloss
  • Dark violet-blue tail
  • Glossy dark green chin, throat and upper breast
  • Dark violet-blue lower breast and belly with bronzy sheen
  • Orange-yellow eye, red in breeding period
  • Black bill and legs

Female similar but with matt black lower breast and belly.
Juveniles are sooty black without gloss and with a dark grey iris.

[edit] Distribution

Found in a narrow belt along the coast from southern Somalia south to Kenya and to South Africa. Locally common to abundant.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

There are 2 subspecies:

Formerly placed in genus Lamprotornis.

[edit] Habitat

Evergreen and coastal forests.
Usually in lowlands below 500m, up to 1000m in Usumbaras and 2000m in Meru Forest.

[edit] Behaviour

Usually seen in small flocks.

[edit] Diet

Feeds mainly on fruit but takes also nectar, insects and other small animals. Forages usually in trees, sometimes on the ground.

[edit] Breeding

Breeding season from October to January but breeding in other months recorded. A monogamous species.
The nest is placed in a natural tree hole or an old barbet or woodpecker hole. Lays 2 - 4 eggs.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2015. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2015, with updates to August 2015. Downloaded from
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliott, and D Christie, eds. 2009. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 14: Bush-shrikes to Old World Sparrows. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8496553507
  3. Avibase

[edit] External Links


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