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Black-bellied Tern - BirdForum Opus

Photo by vaibhav mishra
Chambal River, Dholpur, Rajasthan, India, February 2011
Sterna acuticauda

Identification

Photo by max1
Chambol River , C. India, February 2018

32–35 cm (12½-13¾ in)
Adult
Breeding

  • Orange bill,
  • Black cap and nape
  • Dark grey breast
  • Blackish belly and vent

Non-breeding

  • Whitish belly, no tail streamers
  • Dark tip to bill

Distribution

Asia: found in Pakistan, Nepal and India to south-western China, Myanmar and South East Asia.

Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].

Subspecies melanogaster is generally considered to be invalid[2].

Habitat

Near large rivers; breeds on sandspits, islands and marshes, up to 730 m.

Behaviour

Diet

Their diet consists of small fish and insects. They hawk for insects over both land and water and plunge-dive for fish.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. BirdLife International
  4. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved October 2015)

Recommended Citation

External Links

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