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Black-capped Kingfisher - BirdForum Opus

Alternative name: Black-capped Purple Kingfisher

Halcyon pileata

Identification

Size 28cm (11 in)
Black head and rufous belly and flanks separated by white throat and collar.
Purple-black upperparts.
Bill bright red, with dark base
Juveniles are duller, have a buffy collar, dusky scaling on breast and a brownish-orange bill.

Flight

In flight shows conspicuous white patch at base of primaries.

Similar Species

White-throated Kingfisher differs in lacking the white collar on the rear neck, brown on head con-color and connected with the flanks, brown on part of the wing coverts, lacking the darker base of the bill, etc. but shares the white throat and the white patch on wings.

Distribution

Photo © by HongKongPixels
Hong Kong, 24 February 2012

Breeds in Indian subcontinent, Myanmar, China and Korea.
Winters throughout southeast Asia to Sumatra, Borneo, Sulawesi and the Philippines.

Uncommon winter visitor, and passage migrant in Singapore.

Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].
It forms a superspecies with Grey-headed Kingfisher.

Habitat

Mostly found in the lowlands, in mangroves, sea coasts, rice fields, forest edges, forested river courses.

Behaviour

Sub-adult
Photo © by SeeToh
Tuas South Avenue 16, Singapore, 9 November 2014

Territorial in its wintering quarters; it is aggressive and often displaces the resident White-throated Kingfisher. Shy.

Diet

Coastal birds feed mainly on fish, moving on to the sandflats to hunt for crabs at low tide.

Inland birds concentrate more on insects, such as dragonflies, locusts, crickets, beetles, bees and wasps. Sometimes they will take frogs and reptiles.

Breeding

Starts breeding in April in India, from April to May in Burma, in June in Korea. The nest is placed in a self-dug tunnel in an earth mound, a cutting or a stream bank. Lays 4-5 eggs.

Vocalisation

Not as vocal as White-throated Kingfisher.
Has a unique ringing cackle; kikikikikiki.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2021. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2021. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliot, and J Sargatal, eds. 2001. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 6: Mousebirds to Hornbills. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8487334306
  3. Birdforum Member observations
  4. Woodall, P. F. and G. M. Kirwan (2020). Black-capped Kingfisher (Halcyon pileata), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, D. A. Christie, and E. de Juana, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.blckin1.01

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