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Black-headed Grosbeak

From Opus

MalePhoto by Leslie Westlake Village, California, April 2005
Male
Photo by Leslie
Westlake Village, California, April 2005
Pheucticus melanocephalus

Contents

[edit] Identification

19cm
Male

  • Black head, wings and tail with prominent white patches
  • Dark to tawny orange breast
  • Yellow belly

Female

  • Brown head, neck and back with black streaks
  • White streaks down the middle of the head, over the eyes and on the cheeks
  • White breast
  • Greyish brown wings and tail, with two white wing bars and yellowish wing edges.
FemalePhoto by UncleGus_24Madera Canyon, Arizona, 2011
Female
Photo by UncleGus_24
Madera Canyon, Arizona, 2011

[edit] Distribution

North and Central America
North America:
Canada: Alberta, British Columbia, Saskatchewan
United States of America: New England, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Idaho, Illinois, Kansas, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, Montana, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Mexico, Nevada, Ohio, Oregon, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Washington, West Virginia, Wyoming
Central America: Mexico, Baja California

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

There are 2 subspecies[1]:

  • P. m. maculatus:
  • P. m. melanocephalus:

[edit] Habitat

FemalePhoto by ducbuclnKelseyville, California, August 2014
Female
Photo by ducbucln
Kelseyville, California, August 2014

Deciduous and mixed wooded areas with large trees, thick bushes, streamside corridors, river bottoms, lakeshores, wetlands, and suburban areas.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

The diet includes pine and other seeds, berries and insects, spiders and fruit.

[edit] Breeding

The female builds the saucer-shaped nest 3-35' up in a broad-leaved tree or shrub. It is constructed from grass, twigs, bark, conifer needles, etc and lined with hair and other fine material.

The clutch which consists of 2-5 pale green, blue or grey eggs (with red or dark brown spots) is incubated by both sexes for 12-14 days. Fledging is around 11-12 days, but flight takes a further 2 weeks. Both adults feed the young.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, and D. Roberson. 2013. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.8., with updates to August 2013. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Wikipedia
  4. Answers.com

[edit] External Links

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