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Black-hooded Oriole - BirdForum Opus

Male, subspecies xanthornus
Photo by Sumit
Kolkata, India
Oriolus xanthornus


23–25 cm (9-9¾ in)

  • Mostly yellow with black hood, wings and tail centre.


  • Duller, underparts greenish, black hood.

Young birds

  • Similar to the female. However, they have dark streaking on the underparts, hood is not solid black, particularly on the throat.
Subspecies O. x. maderaspatanus
Photo by Alok Tewari
Jamshedpur, Jharkhand, India, March-2009


Southern Asia from India and Sri Lanka east to Indonesia.



Juvenile, subspecies xanthornus
Photo by biresh
Jalpaiguri, West Bengal, India, October 2011

There are 5 subspecies[1]:

  • O. x. xanthornus :
  • O. x. maderaspatanus:
  • Southern peninsular India
  • O. x. andamanensis:
  • O. x. ceylonensis:
  • O. x. tanakae:
  • In coastal north-eastern Borneo and adjacent offshore islands


Light open forest, plantations, groves, gardens and public parks.


Usually seen high in the canopy.


The diet mostly of berries and fruit, especially figs, in addition to some nectar.


It nests in trees the clutch consists of 2 eggs. There may be more than one brood each year.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2015. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2015, with updates to August 2015. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Wikipedia
  3. BF Member observations

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