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Black-naped Oriole

From Opus

Photo by Romy OconThe Philippines, March 2005
Photo by Romy Ocon
The Philippines, March 2005
Oriolus chinensis


[edit] Identification

23–28 cm (9-11 in)

  • Bright golden-yellow plumage
  • Black mask extending to nape
  • Black and yellow wings and tail
ImmaturePhoto by linesiamBangkok, Thailand, April 2009
Photo by linesiam
Bangkok, Thailand, April 2009
  • Pink bill
  • Grey feet
  • Red iris

Female: duller, greenish-yellow mantle.
Juvenile: whitish underparts, blackish streaks on breast, grey bill, lacks nape band.

[edit] Distribution

From India east over Indochina to the Philippines, Singapore, Indonesia and eastern China.

[edit] Taxonomy

The Slender-billed Oriole was considered to be conspecific but is now widely accepted as full species, including the subspecies invisus from southern Vietnam, formerly placed in Black-naped Oriole.

[edit] Subspecies

Flight view kelvinyamPutrajaya Wetland, Malaysia, April 2009
Flight view
Putrajaya Wetland, Malaysia, April 2009

Up to 20 subspecies are accepted[1]:

  • O. c. diffusus: Eastern Asia; winters to India, Malaysia and Indochina
  • O. c. andamanensis: Andaman Islands
  • O. c. macrourus: Nicobar Islands
  • O. c. chinensis: Philippine Islands
  • O. c. suluensis: Sulu Archipelago
  • O. c. melanisticus: Talaud Islands (Karakelong and Salebabu)
  • O. c. sanghirensis: Sangihe and Tabuken islands (off northern Sulawesi)
  • O. c. formosus: Siau, Tahulandang, Ruang, Biaro and Mayu island (off Sulawesi)
  • O. c celebensis: Sulawesi, Bangka, Talisei, Lembeh, Togian Islands, Muna, Butung
  • O. c frontalis: Banggai and Sula islands (off Sulawesi)
  • O. c oscillans: Tukangbesi Islands (off Sulawesi)
  • O. c boneratensis: Tanahjampea, Bonerate, Lalaotoa, Madu and Kayuadi islands
  • O. c mundus: Simeulue Island (off Sumatra)
  • O. c sipora: Sipura Island (off Sumatra)
  • O. c richmondi: Siberut and Pagi islands (off Sumatra)
  • O. c insularis: Kangean Islands (Java Sea)
  • O. c broderipii: Lesser Sundas (Lombok, Sumba, Sumbawa, Flores, Bisar, Alor)
  • O. c maculatus Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Bali, Belitung and Nias islands

[edit] Habitat

Coastal woodlands and mangroves, farmland, parks and gardens, to 1600m.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Subspecies andamanensisPhoto by Shantilal VaruPortblair, Andaman Islands, India, November 2015
Subspecies andamanensis
Photo by Shantilal Varu
Portblair, Andaman Islands, India, November 2015

Omnivorous, figs form a large part of their diet, along with fruit and berries. They also eat large insects, small animals and nestlings.

[edit] Breeding

A cup-shaped nest is made from bark, small twigs, grass and roots. The clutch consists of two to three bluish-white eggs with brown spots which are incubated for about 14 days.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from
  2. Andamanbirdwatching

[edit] External Links


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