- Grus nigricollis
- Bare red crown and lores scantly covered by black hairlike feathers
- Black head and upper part of the neck
- Small white or light grey spot near each eye
- Ashy grey body
- Whitish underparts
- Black tail
- Greyish upper tail coverts
- Black primaries and secondaries
- Yellow eyes
- Black legs and toes
Sexes similar although males slightly larger.
Juveniles - yellow brown crown, grey abdomen, black primaries and secondaries, greyish yellow back, black and white barring on neck. By one year of age the bird resembles the adult.
They breed in high altitude wetlands, shallow marshes, streams, and pastures. They winter in lower elevation agricultural valleys.
The diet incudes plant roots and tubers, insects, snails, shrimp, fish, frogs, lizards, voles, and waste grains.
Nests are built from mud, grass, sedges, and other aquatic plants, and are placed on small grassy islands or in the water. Two eggs are laid and are incubated by both parents for 30-33 days. The young fledge at approximately 90 days.
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2014. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9., with updates to August 2014. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
- Saving Cranes.org
- BirdForum Opus contributors. (2021) Black-necked Crane. In: BirdForum, the forum for wild birds and birding. Retrieved 19 April 2021 from https://www.birdforum.net/wiki/Black-necked_Crane