• BirdForum is the net's largest birding community dedicated to wild birds and birding, and is absolutely FREE!

    Register for an account to take part in lively discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.

Black-necked Crane - BirdForum Opus

Photo by Rajiv Lather
Bhutan, January 2008
Grus nigricollis

Identification

115cm

  • Bare red crown and lores scantly covered by black hairlike feathers
  • Black head and upper part of the neck
  • Small white or light grey spot near each eye
  • Ashy grey body
  • Whitish underparts
  • Black tail
Juvenile
Photo by Paux
Yunnan, China, January 2015
  • Greyish upper tail coverts
  • Black primaries and secondaries
  • Yellow eyes
  • Black legs and toes

Sexes similar although males slightly larger.
Juveniles - yellow brown crown, grey abdomen, black primaries and secondaries, greyish yellow back, black and white barring on neck. By one year of age the bird resembles the adult.

Distribution

Breeds Tibetan plateau; winters to north-eastern India and southern China.

Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].

Habitat

They breed in high altitude wetlands, shallow marshes, streams, and pastures. They winter in lower elevation agricultural valleys.

Behaviour

Photo by alibenn
Lashi Lake, Yunnan, China, December 2005

Diet

The diet incudes plant roots and tubers, insects, snails, shrimp, fish, frogs, lizards, voles, and waste grains.

Breeding

Nests are built from mud, grass, sedges, and other aquatic plants, and are placed on small grassy islands or in the water. Two eggs are laid and are incubated by both parents for 30-33 days. The young fledge at approximately 90 days.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2014. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9., with updates to August 2014. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Saving Cranes.org

Recommended Citation

External Links


Top