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Black-spotted Bare-eye - BirdForum Opus

Phlegopsis nigromaculata
Photo by Robert Scanlon
Cumaceba Lodge, nr Iquitos, Peru, January 2005


  • Large red bare area around the eye
  • Black head, neck and under parts
  • Brown abdomen
  • Olive-brown back and coverts
  • Rufous-chestnut primaries and tail
  • Black spots on the back, coverts and secondaries.


South America: found in Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Brazil.



There are 4 subspecies:

  • P. n. nigromaculata:
  • P. n. bowmani:
  • South-central Amazonian Brazil and north-eastern Bolivia (northern Santa Cruz)
  • P. n. confinis:
  • Northern Amazonian Brazil (River Xingú to River Tocantins and River Araguaia)
  • P. n. paraensis:
  • Eastern Brazil south of River Amazon (River Tocantins to western Maranhão)


Moist lowland forests and swamps.


Groups may be found near ant swarms.


The diet includes ants and insects.


Song: heeee... heergh... huugh.


  1. Clements, JF. 2009. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2009. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.
  2. Avibase
  3. Birds of Manu
  4. BF Member observations

Recommended Citation

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.