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Black-tailed Godwit

From Opus

Photo by A. MeirEilat, Israel
Photo by A. Meir
Eilat, Israel
Limosa limosa


[edit] Identification

36–44 cm (14-17¼ in)
Straight, flesh-coloured bill with dark tip
Greyish legs
Summer Adult Cinnamon-pink head, neck and breast. Brown, streaked black, upperparts. White wing-bar and dark wing tips. The white tail has a black bar at the tip. Belly white, marked with black.
Winter Adult The pink parts become greyish, upperparts greyer and the belly loses the streaks.

Photo by HeliosBreeding plumageMinsmere July 2008
Photo by Helios
Breeding plumage
Minsmere July 2008

[edit] Similar Species

Bar-tailed Godwit whose bill has a slightly upcurved tip.

[edit] Distribution

Breeds in northern Palearctic; winters to southern Africa, southern Asia and Australia.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

There are 3 subspecies1:

  • L. l. islandica:
  • L. l. limosa:
  • L. l. melanuroides:

[edit] Habitat

Juvenile, subecies melanuroidesPhoto by SeeTohSungei Buloh Wetland Reserve, Singapore, August 2016
Juvenile, subecies melanuroides
Photo by SeeToh
Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve, Singapore, August 2016

Breeds on temperate freshwater wetlands with open grassland.
Winters on estuaries, mudflats and sandy shores. Also freshwater margins.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Flight

Fast and energetic. Outline cross-like

[edit] Diet

The diet includes insects, worms, snails, insects, crustaceans, and parts of aquatic plants.

[edit] Breeding

They nest on the ground, usually in short vegetation, laying 3-6 eggs.

[edit] Vocalisation

Photo by Joe52Bournemouth, Hampshire, UK, March 2016
Photo by Joe52
Bournemouth, Hampshire, UK, March 2016

Flight Call: "wicka-wicka-wicka"

Listen in an external program

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from
  2. Animalpictures
  3. Collins Pocket Guide to British Birds 1966
  4. Collins Field Guide 5th Edition

[edit] External Links


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