- Ixobrychus flavicollis
54–66 cm (21¼-26 in)
- Black above
- Yellow neck sides
- Whitish undersides are heavily streaked with brown
- Longish neck
- Long yellow bill
Female: is not so dark as the male, and is yellower on the underparts
Juvenile dark brown rather than black, otherwise similar to the adult
Tropical Asia toAustralia.
Breeds from south-east Pakistan, throughout India to Sri Lanka and in western Burma, southern China and Hainan, the Philippines, southern Thailand and Indochina, southern Malaya, Sumatra, Java and Timor.
Some authorities place this species in the genus Dupetor.
Ixobrychus flavicollis has three subspecies:
- I. f. flavicollis:
- I. f. australis:
- I. f. woodfordi:
- Solomon Islands
Densely vegetated margins of lakes and ponds, forest swamps and riverbanks, rice fields and mangroves.
The stick nest is made on a branch overhanging water; it is lined with reeds. Both adults incubate the 3 to 5 eggs and rear the young.
The diet includes frogs, reptiles, fish and invertebrates, snails, dragonflies, shrimps and crayfish.
A booming call.
Click images to see larger version
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
- BF Member observations
- NSW Gov.au
- Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved November 2015)
- BirdForum Opus contributors. (2021) Black Bittern. In: BirdForum, the forum for wild birds and birding. Retrieved 27 January 2021 from https://www.birdforum.net/wiki/Black_Bittern