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Black Currawong

From Opus

Alternative names: Black Bell-Magpie; Sooty Currawong; Sooty Crow-Shrike; Black Magpie; Black Jay; Mountain Jay

Photo by jimmcleanCradle Mountain, Tasmania, November 2006
Photo by jimmclean
Cradle Mountain, Tasmania, November 2006
Strepera fuliginosa

Contents

[edit] Identification

Photo by JanhaCradle Mountain, Tasmania, May 2003
Photo by Janha
Cradle Mountain, Tasmania, May 2003

50cm (19¾ in). A large dark passerine, resembling a crow:

  • Almost entirely black plumage (browner in older birds)
  • White wingbar on underwing, sometimes also visible on upperwing
  • Flight-feathers with white tips
  • White-tipped tail
  • Bright yellow eye
  • Massive, black bill, slightly hooked at tip

Sexes similar, males are larger than females.
Juveniles are blackish-brown, streaked on breast, have a greyish-white bill and off-white pale areas of wing and tail.

[edit] Similar Species

Grey Currawong: which has white under-tail coverts.

[edit] Distribution

Tasmania and surrounding islands.

[edit] Taxonomy

Photo by HelenBWaterworks Reserve, Hobart, Tasmania, November 2009
Photo by HelenB
Waterworks Reserve, Hobart, Tasmania, November 2009

Forms a superspecies with Pied Currawong and is sometimes treated conspecific with it.

[edit] Subspecies

Three subspecies are recognized[1]:

  • S. f. fuliginosa:
  • S. f. parvior:
  • Flinders Island (Bass Strait)
  • S. f. colei:
  • King Island (Bass Strait)

[edit] Habitat

Open temperate forests, woodland, scrub and heathland

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Feeds mainly on insects and small vertebrates like lizards, birds and mice. Takes also some fruit and seeds. Usually seen foraging on ground. Scavenges at picnic grounds and farmyards. Known to cache food.

[edit] Breeding

Breeds generally from October to December. The nest is a large cup formed from sticks and lined with soft material. It is placed in a tall eucalypt tree. Lays 2 - 4 eggs. Known as strong nest defender.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2016. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2016, with updates to August 2016. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliott, and D Christie, eds. 2009. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 14: Bush-shrikes to Old World Sparrows. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8496553507
  3. BF Member observations

[edit] External Links

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