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Blackstart - BirdForum Opus

Photo by UlfL
Niamey, Niger, October 2007
Oenanthe melanura

Cercomela melanura

Identification

14–16 cm

  • Brownish-grey plumage (lighter underparts)
  • Black tail
  • Dark alula

Middle Eastern races have bluer plumage

Distribution

Photo by A. Meir
Eilat, Israel, December 2007

North Africa, Middle East and Arabian Peninsula
Northern Africa: Egypt
Western Africa: Mali, Niger, Chad, Cameroon
Eastern Africa: Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Somalia
Middle East: Turkey, Syria, Israel, Jordan, Arabian Peninsula, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman

Taxonomy

Subspecies

There are 6 subspecies[1]:

  • O. m. ultima:
  • O. m. airensis:
  • O. m. lypura:
  • O. m. aussae:
  • O. m. melanura:
  • O. m. neumanni:

It's placed in genus Cercomela by Clements.

Habitat

Breeds in rocky deserts and mountains.

Behaviour

Resident. Not shy.

Movement

Often fans wings and tail when landing.

Breeding

It nests in a rock crevice the clutch consisting of 3–5 eggs.

Diet

The diet includes insects.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2015. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2015, with updates to August 2015. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Collins Bird Guide ISBN 0 00 219728
  4. Wikipedia

Recommended Citation

External Links


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