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Blue-headed Parrot

From Opus

Photo by PitterTrujillo, Valle Del Cauca, Colombia, March 2017
Photo by Pitter
Trujillo, Valle Del Cauca, Colombia, March 2017
Pionus menstruus


[edit] Identification

24–28 cm (9½-11 in)

  • Green plumage
  • Reddish flecking on throat
  • Blueish flecking on underparts
  • Blue head and neck
  • Red under-tail feathers
  • Yellow wing coverts
  • Black upper mandible with reddish sides
  • Blackish ear patches

Sexes similar

  • Less blue on head
  • Red or pink feathers around ceres

[edit] Similar Species

White-crowned Parrot overlaps with the northern part of its range.

[edit] Distribution

Photo by PerubirdingtoursTambopata, Southern Peru
Photo by Perubirdingtours
Tambopata, Southern Peru

Central and South America
Central America: Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Trinidad
South America: Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Brazil.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

There are 3 subspecies[1]:

  • P. m. rubrigularis:
  • P. m. menstruus:
  • P. m. reichenowi:
  • Coastal north-eastern Brazil (Alagoas to EspĂ­rito Santo)

Two additional subspecies chlorocyanescens and cyanescens are generally considered invalid[2].

[edit] Habitat

A wide variety of woodland and forest habitats, suburban gardens and mixed agricultural areas. Lowland rainforest in the tropical zone. Observerved at heights between 290m and 1400m.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

The diet includes fruit, seed and grain.

[edit] Breeding

It nests in a tree cavity; the clutch consists of 3-5 white eggs.

[edit] Flight Action

This bird and other members of its genus have distinctive, deep wingbeats, quite different from an Amazona parrot.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2016. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2016, with updates to August 2016. Downloaded from
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved March 2017)
  4. Wikipedia
  5. BF Member observations

[edit] External Links


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