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Blue-headed Pitta

From Opus

MalePhoto © by horukuruDanum Valley Sabah, Borneo, March 2011
Photo © by horukuru
Danum Valley Sabah, Borneo, March 2011
Hydrornis baudii


[edit] Identification

17 cm (6¾ in)

  • Blue crown
  • Black cheeks
  • Reddish-brown mantle
  • Black wings marked with white
  • Blue tail
  • White throat
  • Deep violet-blue underparts


FemalePhoto © by dandsblairDanum, Borneo, September 2015
Photo © by dandsblair
Danum, Borneo, September 2015
  • Buff crown and upperparts
  • Buffy cheeks to vent

Juveniles are similar to females but duller, have a dark brown breast and brown and golden marbled underparts.

[edit] Distribution

Endemic to Borneo.
A locally common species but with a patchy distribution. Threatened by rapid deforestation.

[edit] Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].
Formlery placed in genus Pitta and sometimes in its own genus Iridipitta.

[edit] Habitat

Dense cover in moist lowland forests to 600m. Often close to rivers.

[edit] Behaviour

A shy and secretive species.

[edit] Diet

Feeds on earthworms, beetles, ants, grasshoppers, caterpillars and other arthropods.
Feeds among leaf litter by turning over leaves.

[edit] Breeding

The few breeding records suggest a breeding season from March to October. A recorded nest was domed, made of dead leaves and herbs and placed 0.5m above the ground. The clutch consisted of 2 eggs.

[edit] Movements

Probably a sedentary species.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2015. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2015, with updates to August 2015. Downloaded from
  2. Dickinson, EC, ed. 2003. The Howard and Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World. 3rd ed., with updates to October 2008 (Corrigenda 8). Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0691117010
  3. Gill, F and D Donsker (Eds). 2010. IOC World Bird Names (version 2.7). Available at
  4. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliot, and D Christie, eds. 2003. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 8: Broadbills to Tapaculos. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8487334504
  5. BirdLife International

[edit] External Links


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