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Blue-tailed Emerald

From Opus

Male, subspecies caribaeus Photo © by OhioMoose Near Santa Marta Bay, CuraƧao Netherlands Antilles, November 2007
Male, subspecies caribaeus
Photo © by OhioMoose
Near Santa Marta Bay, CuraƧao Netherlands Antilles, November 2007
Chlorostilbon mellisugus

Contents

[edit] Identification

Female, subspecies caribaeusPhoto © by OhioMoose CuraƧao, Netherlands Antilles, November 2007
Female, subspecies caribaeus
Photo © by OhioMoose
CuraƧao, Netherlands Antilles, November 2007

Male 7Ā·5ā€“9Ā·5 cm (3-3Ā¾ in); Female 6Ā·5ā€“7Ā·5 cm (2Ā½-3 in)
Male

  • Bright green
  • White thighs
  • Dark metallic blue tail
  • Short, straight black bill

Female

  • Greyish-white underparts
  • Blackish ear patch
  • Short white supercilium/post-ocular streak
  • White-tipped outer tail feathers.

[edit] Distribution

Venezuela, CuraƧao, Aruba, Bonaire, Trinidad, Margarita Island, Guyana, Brazil, Suriname, French Guiana, Colombia, Bolivia, Peru. Generally on the eastern side of the Andes and in the Amazonian Basin of the South American countries.

[edit] Taxonomy

Subspecies peruanusPhoto © by Stanley JonesVilla Carmen Lodge, Pillcopata, Cusco Department, Peru, September 2018
Subspecies peruanus
Photo © by Stanley Jones
Villa Carmen Lodge, Pillcopata, Cusco Department, Peru, September 2018

There has been considerable reclassification of the Emerald Hummingbirds in recent years. Opus follows the taxonomic classification of Clements, which separates this species from the Western Emerald and Garden Emerald, with which it has been considered conspecific by some authorities in the past.

[edit] Subspecies

Subspecies caribaeusPhoto © by Robert_ScanlonBonaire, Netherlands Antilles, February 2007
Subspecies caribaeusPhoto © by Robert_Scanlon
Bonaire, Netherlands Antilles, February 2007

There are 6 subspecies[1]:

  • C. m. caribaeus:
  • C. m. duidae:
  • C. m. subfurcatus:
  • C. m. mellisugus:
  • C. m. phoeopygus:
  • C. m. peruanus:

[edit] Habitat

Rain, gallery and deciduous forest, second growth, llanos, xerophytic areas, open fields with scattered trees; scrubby desert and gardens. Observed at heights between 528 and 2100m.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Their diet consists mostly of nectar and insects.

[edit] Breeding

They construct a small cup nest. The eggs are incubated for 13 days with the young fledging 18 days later.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. BF Member observations
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved December 2018)

[edit] External Links

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