- Dolichonyx oryzivorus
Male - mostly black, cream napes, white scapulars, lower backs and rumps.
Female - mostly light brown, black streaks on back and flanks, dark stripes on the head, dark wings and tails.
 Similar Species
Photo Â© by Oppie
Female and non-breeding male resemble a female House Sparrow, though yellower.
Breeds northern United States and southern Canada west to eastern British Columbia, Washington and Oregon.
In migration found throughout the south-eastern United States.
Rare to casual vagrant on the south-western United States. Accidental vagrant north of range.
Winters in Central and South America.
Rare autumn visitor to Europe.
This is a monotypic species.
Two subspecies are recognised by some authors: Dolichonyx oryzivorus oryzivorus and Dolichonyx oryzivorus albinucha
Farmland, large hay and stubble fields; meadows, marshes and prairie. Perches in reeds and bushes.
They build a cup shaped nest on the ground, hidden in vegetation, and 5-6 eggs are laid.
The diet includes seeds and insects.
Call: a metallic pink.
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, and D. Roberson. 2012. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to October 2012. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/downloadable-clements-checklist
- Collins Field Guide 5th Edition
- Collins Bird Guide ISBN 0 00 219728 6
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