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Brewer's Sparrow

From Opus

Photo by Michael WGranada Park, Phoenix, Arizona, USA
Photo by Michael W
Granada Park, Phoenix, Arizona, USA
Spizella breweri

Includes: Timberline Sparrow

Contents

[edit] Identification

Adult

  • Grey-brown streaked back
  • Brown streaked crown
  • Pale eye-ring
  • Pale wing bars
  • Pale grey underparts
  • Pale bill with a dark tip
  • Long notched tail

[edit] Similar Species

Clay-colored Sparrow: which has a pale stripe on the crown and a grey neck patch

[edit] Distribution

United States, Canada and Central America:
Canada: Alberta, British Columbia, Saskatchewan, Yukon
United States: New England, Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Kansas, Massachusetts, Montana, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Mexico, Nevada, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Washington, Wyoming
Central America: Mexico, Baja California

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies[1]

  • S. b. breweri:
  • S. b. taverneri: (Timberline)

Subspecies taverneri is sometimes considered a separate species Timberline Sparrow[2]

[edit] Habitat

Sagebrush, deserts and weedy fields.

[edit] Behaviour

They flock with other sparrow species in the winter.

[edit] Diet

Ground foragers, the diet consists of insects and seeds.

[edit] Breeding

The clutch consists of 3 to 5 eggs which are laid in a cup nest in low shrubs.

[edit] Vocalisation

Song is a long varied mix of notes and trills.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, JF. 2009. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2009. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.
  2. Avibase
  3. Wikipedia
  4. BF Member observations
  5. Birdforum thread about taxonomy of Timberline Sparrow

[edit] External Links

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