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Broad-billed Hummingbird

From Opus

MalePhoto by Michael W Paton's Feeders, Patagonia, Arizona, USA, June 2005
Photo by Michael W
Paton's Feeders, Patagonia, Arizona, USA, June 2005
Cynanthus latirostris

Includes Doubleday's Hummingbird


[edit] Identification

FemalePhoto by UncleGus_24Green Valley, Arizona, February 2010
Photo by UncleGus_24
Green Valley, Arizona, February 2010

9-10cm (3½-4 in)

  • Metallic green upperparts and breast
  • White undertail coverts
  • Deep blue throat
  • Dark, slightly forked tail
  • Black-tipped slender red bill

Female: less colourful, white eye stripe

[edit] Variations

  • C. l. doubledayi: dark blue-black undertail-coverts, blue forehead and longer more deeply forked tail
  • C. l. lawrencei has a green throat

[edit] Distribution

ImmaturePhoto by Raul PadillaPachuca, Hidalgo, Mexico, May 2010
Photo by Raul Padilla
Pachuca, Hidalgo, Mexico, May 2010

Southwestern United States to southern Mexico and Tres Marias Islands.

Accidental vagrant to Kansas.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

JuvenilePhoto by Brian HubbsSE Arizona, September 2016
Photo by Brian Hubbs
SE Arizona, September 2016

There are 5 subspecies[1]:

  • C. l. magicus:
  • Arid south-western US to north-western Mexico (Nayarit)
  • C. l. latirostris:
  • Eastern Mexico (San Luis PotosĂ­ and Tamaulipas to northern Veracruz)
  • C. l. propinquus:
  • Central Mexico (Guanajuato to Michoacán)
  • C. l. doubledayi: (Doubleday's):
  • Southern Mexico (Guerrero, Oaxaca and Chiapas)
  • C. l. lawrencei:
  • Tres MarĂ­as Islands (off western Mexico)

Some authorities3,4 split Doubleday's Hummingbird Cynanthus doubledayi from this taxon and others1,2 retain it as a subspecies of Cynanthus latirostris.

[edit] Habitat

Lower riparian woods, forested mountains (observed to 5500 feet), high desert, oak and Alligator pine, orange groves. Visits backyard feeders.

[edit] Behaviour

When perched, the male quivers his tail. often whilst calling.

[edit] Breeding

The female builds the nest in a tree or shrub. The clutch consists of 2 white eggs.

[edit] Diet

The diet includes nectar and insects.

[edit] Vocalisation

Call: They have a loud chittering call which is similar to the call of a Ruby-crowned Kinglet, but more emphatic and without the pauses in the phrasing of the kinglet.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from
  2. Dickinson, EC, ed. 2014. The Howard and Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World. 4th ed. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press. ISBN 13: 9780956861122
  3. Gill, F and M Wright. 2008. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names. Princeton University Press, Princeton NJ, USA. 2006. ISBN 9780691128276. Update (2008) downloaded from
  4. Sibley, CG and BL Monroe. 1996. Birds of the World, on diskette, Windows version 2.0. Charles G. Sibley, Santa Rosa, CA, USA.
  5. BF Member observations
  6. Wikipedia

[edit] External Links


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