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Brown-eared Bulbul

From Opus

Photo © by Peter de HaasBusan Korea, 23 April 2005
Photo © by Peter de Haas
Busan Korea, 23 April 2005
Hypsipetes amaurotis

Microscelis amaurotis
Ixos amaurotis

Contents

[edit] Identification

28cm (11 in)

  • Grey-brown back wings and tail
  • Richer brown underparts
  • Spotted grey breast
  • Streaked grey head, nape and throat
  • Chestnut ear patch
  • Black bill and feet

Sexes similar

[edit] Distribution

Photo © by letsbefrankKishiwada, Japan, 21 January 2017
Photo © by letsbefrank
Kishiwada, Japan, 21 January 2017

Asia: found in Russia, China, Korea, Japan, Taiwan, and the Philippines.

[edit] Taxonomy

JuvenilePhoto © by Joseph MorlanNaha, Okinawa,  Japan, 4 September 2019
Juvenile
Photo © by Joseph Morlan
Naha, Okinawa, Japan, 4 September 2019

Placed in the genus Microscelis by some authorities. Formerly placed in genus Ixos.

[edit] Subspecies

There are 14 subspecies[1]:

  • H. a. hensoni: Breeds south-western Hokkaido; winters to southern Korea, northern Japan and south-eastern China
  • H. a. matchiae: Southern Japan (Hachijo-jima, Tanegashima and Yakushima)
  • H. a. amaurotis: Central Japanese islands (Honshu to Kyushu); Cheju-Do Island (Korea)
  • H. a. squamiceps: Bonin Islands (Mukojima, Chichijima and Hahajima)
  • H. a. magnirostris: Volcano Islands (Japan)
  • H. a. borodinonis: Daito Islands (Japan)
  • H. a. ogawae: Northern Ryukyu Islands (Amami-O-Shima and Tokuno-Shima)
  • H. a. pryeri: Central Ryukyu Islands (Ihiya, Okinawa, Zamami and Kume)
  • H. a. insignis: Miyako-Jima (south Ryukyu Islands)
  • H. a. stejnegeri: Ryukyu Islands (Ishigaki, Iriomote and Yonaguni)
  • H. a. harterti: Southern Taiwan and Lan-yΓΌ Island
  • H. a. batanensis: Philippines (Babuyan Claro, Batan, Ivojos and Sabtang)
  • H. a. fugensis: Philippines (Calayan, Fuga and Dalupiri)
  • H. a. camiguinensis: Camiguin Norte (northern Philippines)

Subspecies H.a. hensoni and H.a. insignis are often considered invalid[1].

[edit] Habitat

Lowland forests to 1600 m, parks and gardens partial to cherry trees.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

The diet includes insects, seeds, blossom, fruit, berries, and leafy vegetables.

[edit] Breeding

A cup shaped nest is placed in the lower branches of a tree. The clutch consists of 4 eggs.

[edit] Vocalisation


Listen in an external program
Recording by pietrod
Mount Takao, Japan, August 2014

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Birding in Taiwan
  4. BirdForum Member observations
  5. Brazil, M.A. (1991) The Birds of Japan. Smithsonian Inst. Press.
  6. Brazil, M.A. (2009) Birds of East Asia. Princeton Univ. Press.
  7. Fishpool, L. & Tobias, J. (2017). Brown-eared Bulbul (Hypsipetes amaurotis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/58035 on 21 June 2017).
  8. Oliveros, C.H. & Moyle, R.G. (2010) Origin and diversification of Philippine bulbuls. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 54(3): 822–832.
  9. Stejneger, Leonhard. 1892. Notes on a collection of birds made by Mr. Harry V, Henson in the Island of Yezo, Japan. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 15(904): 289-359, 1 pl..

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