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Brown Shrike - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by the late Laurence Poh
Ipoh, Malaysia, November 2003
Lanius cristatus

Identification

Female
Photo © by Romy Ocon
Paranaque City, Philippines, 8 October 2008

17-20 cm (6¾-7¾ in)
Male

  • Dark brown upperparts and crown
  • White face
  • Black eye mask
  • Yellow-buff underparts

Female similar but has a greyer crown

Similar Species

Isabelline Shrike: more orangey-brown upperparts
Red-backed Shrike: longer primary projection

Distribution

Breeds Northeast Asia. Winters Northeast Africa, India and Malay Archipelago.

Accidental to Alaska and Newfoundland, British Isles and Denmark.

Taxonomy

Subspecies

Juvenile
Photo © by bhutjoe
Hat Yai, Thailand, 25 September 2020

This is a polytypic species, consisting of four subspecies[1]:

  • L. c. cristatus:
  • L. c. confusus:
  • L. c. superciliosus:
  • L. c. lucionensis:

Habitat

Found in virtually all habitats, including urban areas. Conspicuous and noisy, often on telephone wires. Forests and semi desert.

Behaviour

Diet

Very aggressive preying on large insects (including wasps and bees); sometimes takes mammals and small birds.

Breeding

Photo © by Romy Ocon
Coastal Lagoon, Manila Bay, Philippines, 27 September 2010

They nest in trees or bushes; the clutch consists of 2-6 eggs.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Collins Bird Guide ISBN 0 00 219728 6
  3. Birdforum Member observations

Recommended Citation

External Links


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