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9â€“11Â·5 cm (3Â½-4Â½ in)
There are 5 subspecies:
Three additional subspecies bunya, mcgilli and archibaldi are usually considered invalid.
Understorey in rainforest; eucalypt forests; woodlands; scrub; watercourse vegetation; bracken; wetland plants; dune vegetation; saltmarsh, mangroves.
The diet includes insects, seeds, nectar and fruit.
The females builds the small oval, domed nest from grasses and bark; it is lined with feathers, fur or soft plant down. The female incubates the eggs; both parents feed the young.
Alarm: scolds with angry churrs and zizzing sounds
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