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Buff-bellied Hummingbird

From Opus

Subspecies chalconotaPhoto by Lejun40 McAllen Texas,  February  2010
Subspecies chalconota
Photo by Lejun40
McAllen Texas, February 2010
Amazilia yucatanensis


[edit] Identification

Female, subspecies chalconotaPhoto by Stanley JonesEstero Llano Grande State Park, Weslaco, Hidalgo County, Texas, USA, April 2017
Female, subspecies chalconota
Photo by Stanley Jones
Estero Llano Grande State Park, Weslaco, Hidalgo County, Texas, USA, April 2017

10-11 cm (4-4¼ in)

  • Metallic green head and breast
  • Gold-green throat
  • Green back
  • Buff underparts
  • Rufous wings and tail
  • White underwing
  • Long thin bill

Sexes similar

[edit] Similar species

Rufous-tailed Hummingbird
Berylline Hummingbird which has a rufous wing panel and dark bill.

[edit] Distribution

North and Central America
USA: Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Louisiana and Texas: outside of Texas, it is rare away from the Gulf Coast
Mexico along the Gulf Coast from Texas to the east end, including entire Yucatan
Central America: Guatemala, Belize and Honduras, all in the areas of Yucatan closest to Mexico.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

Subspecies chalconotaPhoto by zerb21Valley Nature Center, Weslaco, Texas, February 2004
Subspecies chalconota
Photo by zerb21
Valley Nature Center, Weslaco, Texas, February 2004

There are 3 subspecies[1]:

  • A. y. yucatanensis:
  • A. y. chalconota:
  • Southern Texas (lower Rio Grande Valley) to north-eastern Mexico
  • A. y. cerviniventris:
  • Southern Mexico (Veracruz, Puebla, Oaxaca and Chiapas)

[edit] Habitat

Mixed forests, brush, riparian woodland and savanna. Subspecies chalconota seems to prefer more open pine/oak forests.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

The diet includes nectar and insects. Visits garden feeders.

[edit] Breeding

Subspecies cerviniventrisPhoto by hawkwatchTlacotalpan Veracruz, Mexico, March 15 2008
Subspecies cerviniventris
Photo by hawkwatch
Tlacotalpan Veracruz, Mexico, March 15 2008

The female builds the nest in a tree or shrub. The clutch consists of 2 white eggs.

[edit] Movements

Partial migrant.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2016. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2016, with updates to August 2016. Downloaded from
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved November 2014)
  4. USGS

[edit] External Links


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