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Buff-throated Saltator

From Opus

Subspecies maximus''Photo © by juninhoManu National Park, Peru, October 2005
Subspecies maximus''
Photo © by juninho
Manu National Park, Peru, October 2005
Saltator maximus


[edit] Identification

20·5–21 cm (8 in)

  • Olive green above
  • Grey below
  • Buff lower belly
  • Buff throat edged black
  • Grey head
  • White supercilium
  • Green crown
  • Black thick bill
  • Black legs
Subspecies intermediusPhoto © by Stanley JonesBosque del Río Tigre Lodge, Osa Peninsula, Puntarenas Province, Costa Rica, February 2015
Subspecies intermedius
Photo © by Stanley Jones
Bosque del Río Tigre Lodge, Osa Peninsula, Puntarenas Province, Costa Rica, February 2015

Juvenile: duller

  • White-mottled blackish throat and breast
  • Brown marked below

[edit] Distribution

Central and South America
Central America: Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama
South America: Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Brazil

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

There are 5 subspecies[1]:

  • S. m. gigantodes:
  • Caribbean slope of eastern Mexico (Veracruz to northern Oaxaca and Tabasco)
  • S. m. magnoides:
  • Southern Mexico (Chiapas and Quintana Roo) to north-western Panama
  • S. m. intermedius:
  • S. m. iungens:
  • S. m. maximus:

[edit] Habitat

Dense vegetation in lowland humid forest and forest edges. Also visits bushy suburban gardens. Observed at heights of 1150m.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

The feed at low and mid levels, sometimes with mixed species flocks. The diet includes fruit, berries, nectar, buds and insects.

Will eat bananas at bird tables.

[edit] Breeding

It builds a bulky cup nest. The clutch consists of 2 pale blue eggs.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2014. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9., with updates to August 2014. Downloaded from
  2. Avibase
  3. Wikipedia
  4. BF Member observations
  5. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved June 2015)

[edit] External Links


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