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Buff-throated Woodcreeper

From Opus

Xiphorhynchus guttatus

Inlcudes: Lafresnaye's Woodcreeper; Dusky-billed Woodcreeper

Contents

[edit] Identification

22¬∑5‚Äď29¬∑5 cm (8¬ĺ-11¬Ĺ in)

  • Rufous upperparts
  • Olive brown underparts, wings and tail
  • Streaked buff head, neck, mantle and chest

Bill

  • Long, slightly decurved, and hooked
  • Dark grey upper mandible
  • Pale greyish-horn lower mandible

[edit] Distribution

Subspecies guttatoidesPhoto by Stanley JonesAconabikh Centre, north of Tarapoto, San Martín, Peru, December 2016
Subspecies guttatoides
Photo by Stanley Jones
Aconabikh Centre, north of Tarapoto, San Martín, Peru, December 2016

South America: found in Colombia, Guianas Guyana, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Brazil

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

There are 8 subspecies[1]:

  • X. g. polystictus:
  • X. g. connectens:
  • North-western Amazonian Brazil north of the Amazon (Manaus to Amap√°)
  • X. g. guttatus:
  • Coastal eastern Brazil (Para√≠ba to Esp√≠rito Santo)

Lafresnaye's Woodcreeper group

  • X. g. guttatoides:
  • Tropical western Amazonian basin
  • X. g. dorbignyanus:

Dusky-billed Woodcreeper group

  • X. g. eytoni:
  • South Amazonian Brazil south of the Amazon (Rio Madeira to Maranh√£o)
  • X. g. vicinalis:
  • Brazil south of the Amazon (Rio Madeira to Rio Tapaj√≥s)
  • X. g. gracilirostris:
  • North-eastern Brazil (Serra do Baturit√©, Cear√°)

Some authorities split the Lafresnaye's Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus guttatoides and/or Dusky-billed Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus eytoni from this species.

[edit] Habitat

Humid forest and woodland.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Their diet consists mostly of arthropods with small invertebrates added at times. Items taken may include ants, insects and spiders.

[edit] Breeding

They build a bark-lined nest in a tree hole or hollow stump. The clutch consists of 2 white eggs.

[edit] Vocalisation

Call: - a loud chev-re chev-re.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2016. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2016, with updates to August 2016. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved June 2017)
  4. Wikipedia

[edit] External Links

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