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From Opus

Breeding Male Photo © by Forcreeks  Marina Del Rey, California.
Breeding Male
Photo © by Forcreeks
Marina Del Rey, California.
Bucephala albeola


[edit] Identification

Photo © by CurtMorganBearskin Neck, Rockport, Massachusetts, USA, January 2010
Photo © by CurtMorgan
Bearskin Neck, Rockport, Massachusetts, USA, January 2010

32-40 cm (12½-15¾ in)

  • Glossy black head (can look blue, green or purple depending on the light) with large white patch
  • Black back
  • White breast, stomach, and flanks
  • Bluish bill


  • Brown body
  • Paler underparts
  • Brown head
  • White patch behind eye

[edit] Distribution

United States, Alaska and Canada. Winters to Mexico and Greater Antilles

[edit] Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].

[edit] Habitat

Small ponds and lakes with surrounding woodland. Winters on small ponds, lakes, and rivers inland, also in shallow bays and estuaries along the coasts.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Breeding

They nest in tree cavities. The 5-10 eggs are incubated for 28-33 days; the young fledge at 45-55 days.

[edit] Diet

The diet includes crustaceans, molluscs, aquatic plants and fish eggs. It feeds by submerging and obtaining food underwater.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from
  2. South Dakota Birds and Birding

[edit] External Links


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