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Bushy-crested Hornbill

From Opus

Photo © by TaveekarnSabah, Malaysia, March 2009
Photo © by Taveekarn
Sabah, Malaysia, March 2009

Alternative name: Buffy-crested Hornbill

Anorrhinus galeritus


[edit] Identification

Juveniles, male (black bill), female (yellow bill)Photo © by darwin1601Leuser National Park, Sumatera, Indonesia, September 2018
Juveniles, male (black bill), female (yellow bill)
Photo © by darwin1601
Leuser National Park, Sumatera, Indonesia, September 2018

65-70cm (25½-27½ in). A medium-sized, dark brown Hornbill

  • Dark brown plumage with green sheen on back
  • Grey-brown tail with broad black end
  • Male with black bill, female with mostly yellow bill with black around base
  • Floppy crest
  • Blue bare skin around eye and on throat

Juveniles are similar to adult male, but with brown feather tips and a pale olive-green bill.

[edit] Distribution

South-east Asia: found in extreme southern Myanmar, southern Thailand, Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo and Penang Island.
Widespread but only locally common.

[edit] Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species.[1]

[edit] Habitat

Moist lowland forest. Occurs up to 1800m.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

A painting of a FemaleArtwork by bru.b
A painting of a Female
Artwork by bru.b

Feeds on fruits. Takes also insects, lizards and frogs.
Forages in groups of 6 to 10 birds, mainly below the canopy.

[edit] Breeding

Breeding related to availability of food. A co-operative breeder, a dominant pair breeds and other (mainly male) birds help. The nest is placed in a natural cavity. Lays 2-3 eggs.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliot, and J Sargatal, eds. 2001. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 6: Mousebirds to Hornbills. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8487334306

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