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Broad-winged Hawk

From Opus

Light phasePhoto by NE Birds Plus (Phil Brown) Essex, Maine, USA, September 2003
Light phase
Photo by NE Birds Plus (Phil Brown)
Essex, Maine, USA, September 2003
Buteo platypterus

Contents

[edit] Identification

Length: 34-44 cm (13.5-17.5 in); wingspan: 81-100 cm (31.75-39.25 in); weight: 275-560 g.
The second smallest buteo in North America, the Broad-winged Hawk is a small, stocky hawk with broad black and white tail bands.

There is a rare dark phase morph.

[edit] Distribution

JuvenilePhoto by blubirdBolinas Lagoon, California, October 2003
Juvenile
Photo by blubird
Bolinas Lagoon, California, October 2003
Breeds in North America and the Caribbean, winters from southern USA to South America.

In summer, the North American range includes from Southern Canada extending west almost to British Columbia to Florida and Texas.

Migrates in large groups called "kettles" from Northern South America to the Eastern United States. Is often observed in large numbers during migration at "hawk watches" throughout the Eastern U.S and Canada.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

Photo by jbissellDes Moines, Iowa, USA, September 2006
Photo by jbissell
Des Moines, Iowa, USA, September 2006

There are 6 subspecies[1]:

  • B. p. platypterus:
  • B. p. cubanensis:
  • B. p. brunnescens:
  • B. p. insulicola:
  • B. p. rivierei:
  • B. p. antillarum]]:
Lesser Antilles (St. Vincent and Grenada) to Tobago

[edit] Habitat

Whilst preferring deciduous forests, is also found in rainforests and second growth, river valleys and coastal sage scrub.

[edit] Behaviour

Most often hunts from perches taking various types of prey.

[edit] Diet

Their diet consists mostly of small mammals, birds, snakes and crocodile eggs.

[edit] Breeding

They are solitary breeders and construct and untidy stick nest in the crotch of a pine or deciduous tree.

[edit] Vocalisation

The voice is a characteristic whistle.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. BF Member observations
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved Mar 2018)

[edit] External Links

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