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Cactus Wren

From Opus

Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus
Photo by digishooter Kelso Valley, Kern County, California, USA
Photo by digishooter
Kelso Valley, Kern County, California, USA


[edit] Identification

L. 7-8 1/4 in (18-21 cm)

  • Starling sized wren
  • Spotted underparts
  • White eyebrows
  • Rusty crown
  • White spots on outer tail feathers

[edit] Distribution

Resident from southern California, southern Nevada, Utah, and western Texas southward to Mexico.

[edit] Taxonomy

ImmaturePhoto by jayceeazArizona, May 2006
Photo by jayceeaz
Arizona, May 2006

[edit] Subspecies[1]

There are 8 subspecies:

  • C. b. anthonyi (couesi):
  • Arid south-western US to northern Baja, north-western Mexico and extreme northern Tamaulipas
  • C. b. brunneicapillus sandiegensis:
  • Arid San Diego County (southern California) and adjacent north-western Baja
  • C. b. brunneicapillus bryanti:
  • C. b. purus:
  • C. b. seri:
  • Isla Tiburón (Sea of Cortés)
  • C. b. affinis:
  • C. b. brunneicapillus:
  • North-western Mexico (central Sonora to northern Sinaloa)
  • C. b.s guttatus:

[edit] Habitat

Arid and semi arid desert.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

The diet includes ants, beetles, grasshoppers, wasps, seeds and fruits.

[edit] Breeding

Both sexes build a football-shaped nest of dry grasses lined with feathers, with a small side entrance, placed in cactus plants. The clutch consists of 4-5 buff, speckled brown, eggs which are incubated by the female for 16 days. The male continues to build more nests for roosting and nesting sites. Both parents care for the young, who fledge in 19-23 days.

[edit] Vocalisation

Rapid, mechanical chug-chug-chug-chug-chug.

[edit] In Culture

State Bird of Arizona.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, JF. 2008. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2008. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.
  2. blueplanetbiomes

[edit] External Links


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