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Red-tailed Vanga

From Opus

Female or immaturePhoto by James J WilliamsPerinet forest, Madagascar, June 2007
Female or immature
Photo by James J Williams
Perinet forest, Madagascar, June 2007

Alternative name: Red-tailed Shrike

Calicalicus madagascariensis

Contents

[edit] Identification

13 - 14cm. A small Vanga with a tit-like appearance:

[edit] Male

  • Grey forehead to nape
  • Black patch from base of bill extending backwards broadly around eye with narrow white border above
  • Grey upperparts with rufous rump and rufous uppertail-coverts
  • Rufous median and lesser upperwing-coverts
  • Rufous tail
  • White cheek and ear-coverts
  • Black chin and throat
  • Black eye
  • White underparts

[edit] Female

  • Duller grey forehead to nape
  • Off-white eyering
  • Olive-brown upperparts
  • Brick-red rump and uppertail-coverts
  • Red tail with dark brown inner webs
  • Buffy lower ear-coverts, cheek and side of neck
  • Whitish throat with broad buffy breastband
  • Whitish belly

Juveniles are similar to females.

[edit] Similar species

See Red-shouldered Vanga for differences.

[edit] Distribution

Endemic to north, west and east Madagascar.
Common to fairly common.

[edit] Taxonomy

A monotypic species.

[edit] Habitat

Various types of native forest, adjacent second growth. Occurs from sea-level up to 2000m.

[edit] Behaviour

Feeds on insects (beetles, capterpillars, Orthoptera) and small vertebrates (chameleons).
During breeding season in pairs, outside in small groups or in mixed-species flocks with Common Jery, Stripe-throated Jery, Sakalava Weaver, other Vangas, Crested Drongo or Madagascar Cuckoo-shrike.
Breeding season from October to January. A monogamous species. The nest is an open cup made of leaf stalks and spider webs. It's placed high above the ground in a tree fork. Lays 2 eggs. Probably a sedentary species.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, JF. 2009. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2009. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliott, and D Christie, eds. 2009. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 14: Bush-shrikes to Old World Sparrows. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8496553507

[edit] External Links

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