- Calidris himantopus
18-23 cm (7-9 in)
- Long, yellowish-green legs
- Long neck
- Long bill, slightly drooping at the tip
- Grey tail
- Wings plain
- White supercilium
Breeding plumage heavily barred on the underside, with dark blotches on the back, and chestnut cheek patch; rump mottled dark on white.
Nonbreeding plumage all gray on back with lighter belly; rump white.
Juvenile browner above, with dark mantle feathers fringed red-brown and wing coverts fringed whitish giving a 'scaly' appearance; buffy breast grading into white belly; rump white.
Plain upperwing with no obvious wing bars; underwing with white axillaries.
Breeds on tundra close to the Arctic Sea coasts of northern Alaska, northern Yukon, Northwest Territories, and Nunavut, and the Hudson Bay shore of Manitoba. On migration on open freshwater pools throughout North and northern South America, though scarce west of the Great Plains. Winters in South America from Peru to northern Argentina; a few also winter in Florida and southern California.
Salt marshes, mudflats. Sedge meadows.
It nests on the ground, 3-4 eggs are laid.
The diet includes insects and other invertebrates.
Flight call: recalls Curlew Sandpiper's trrrp.
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
- Collins Bird Guide ISBN 0 00 219728 6
- BF Member observations
- BirdForum Opus contributors. (2021) Stilt Sandpiper. In: BirdForum, the forum for wild birds and birding. Retrieved 26 January 2021 from https://www.birdforum.net/wiki/Stilt_Sandpiper