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Costa's Hummingbird - BirdForum Opus

(Redirected from Calypte costae)
Photo by tehag
Loreto, Baja California Sur, Mexico, July 2012
Calypte costae

Identification

One of the smallest North American birds at 8.9cm (3.5") in length, 12cm (4.75") wingspan. Weight 3.1gm
Irridescent purple head and gorget, with extensions at sides.

Similar Species

Female
Photo by hapaulk
San Bernardino, California, July 2005

The female is very similar to the Black-chinned Hummingbird.

Distribution

Common within a narrow band of low desert, from Central California (summer) to extreme southwest U.S. in winter, extending to the tip of Baja California and down the west coast of mainland north-western Mexico.

Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].

Habitat

Photo by UncleGus_24
Green Valley, Arizona, December 2010

Desert hillsides, mesas, and arroyos; follows winter rains to feed on resulting flowers. Nests January through March.

Behaviour

Typical hummingbird behaviour, but often soars between flowers.

Diet

Their main diet consists of nectar, particularly from salvia flowers.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2015. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2015, with updates to August 2015. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved January 2016)

Recommended Citation

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.1

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