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Cape May Warbler

From Opus

Photo © by Doug GreenbergFort Jefferson, Dry Tortugas, Florida, April 1990
Photo © by Doug Greenberg
Fort Jefferson, Dry Tortugas, Florida, April 1990
Setophaga tigrina

Dendroica tigrina


[edit] Identification

Breeding Male:

  • Brown back
  • Yellowish rump
  • Dark brown crown
  • Yellow underparts
  • Heavily streaked black on lower throat, chest and flanks
  • Blackish wings and tail edged olive
  • White tail spots
FemalePhoto © by KentMinnesota, USA, June 2004
Photo © by Kent
Minnesota, USA, June 2004
  • White vent and undertail coverts
  • Bright yellow throat and nape
  • Chestnut auricular patch
  • Black eyestripe
  • Narrow white wing bar
  • Sharply pointed bill

Female and Immature

  • Washed out versions of breeding male
  • Lack strong head pattern
  • Yellowish rump
  • Weak white wing bars always present

[edit] Distribution

Breeds in Canada from northeastern British Columbia, southern Northwest Territories and northern and central Saskatchewan east to eastern Quebec, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia; in the United States in northern Minnesota, northern Michigan, northern Vermont, northern New Hampshire, most of Maine, and in a very small area in the Adirondacks of New York. It is migratory, wintering in the West Indies.

Rare to casual vagrant to Alaska and the western United States. Accidental vagrant to Great Britain.

[edit] Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].
Formerly placed in genus Dendroica.

[edit] Habitat

The breeding habitat is the edges of coniferous woodland, especially Black Spruce.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Breeding

They nest in dense foliage near the trunk of a conifer, laying 4-9 eggs in a cup nest.

[edit] Diet

Insectivorous, and lay larger clutches in years when Spruce Budworm is abundant. They pick insects from the tips of conifer branches or fly out to catch insects in flight. They also feed on berry juice and nectar in winter, and have, uniquely for a warbler, a tubular tongue to facilitate this.

[edit] Vocalisation

Usually sings from high perches.
Song: Very high and thin; may sound slightly buzzy; four to seven unslurred notes (5/second) seet seet seet seet seet or slightly lower-pitched, faster, more complex seeo seeo seeo seeo seeo or witse witse witse wit
Call: A very high, hard, short te, or a thin sip.
Flight call: a very high, slightly buzzy tzew or tzee slightly descending.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, JF. 2011. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to August 2011. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at
  2. Avibase

[edit] External Links


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