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Carolina Chickadee

From Opus

Photo © by Bill GarberRichmond, Indiana, December 2006
Photo © by Bill Garber
Richmond, Indiana, December 2006
Poecile carolinensis

Contents

[edit] Identification

JuvenilePhoto © by maliReading, Pennsylvania, USA, June 2018
Juvenile
Photo © by mali
Reading, Pennsylvania, USA, June 2018

Length 11·5–13 cm (4½-5 in)

  • Small and plump
  • Small black bill
  • Black cap
  • Black bib
  • White cheeks
  • Gray upperparts
  • White belly
  • Grayish-brown flanks
  • Grayish-white underparts
  • Gray legs and feet

[edit] Similar Species

Very similar to Black-capped Chickadee. Can be separated by voice but some individuals can learn the wrong song. These two hybridize in a narrow zone of contact.

[edit] Distribution

Photo © by D. TaylorWayne County, North Carolina, February 2011
Photo © by D. Taylor
Wayne County, North Carolina, February 2011

Southeastern quarter of the United States.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

This is a polytypic species consisting of four subspecies[1]:

  • P. c. atricapilloides:
  • P. c. agilis:
  • P. c. extimus:
  • P. c. carolinensis:

An additional subspecies impiger is generally considered invalid[2].

[edit] Habitat

Open deciduous and mixed forests, woodland clearings and edges and suburban backyards.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

The diet includes spiders, insects, seeds, and fruits.

[edit] Breeding

It nests in holes lined with moss and fur. The clutch consists of 3-10 eggs.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. All About Birds
  4. BF Member observations
  5. Sibley on identification of the Black-capped and Carolina Chickadees

[edit] External Links

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