At least all the true Woodpeckers have adaptations that help them distribute the forces when they hit a tree and as such avoid brain damage. Among these adaptations:
- cartilage cushioning at the point where the mandible is attached to the skull
- strong muscles which contract just before impact and therefore also act as cushioning
- the two items above both direct force towards the base of the skull instead of towards the brain
- a thick, bony skull with a very spongy structure should also act as cushioning
- ensuring a hit that always avoids rotating the head means that the bird avoids rotational damage
Picidae is a family in the Order Piciformes.
- Story about Dr. Schwab who has published about woodpeckers and their adaptations to avoid brain damage
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