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Chestnut-naped Francolin

From Opus

Photo by Mike Barth Bale Mountains, Ethiopia, August 2014
Photo by Mike Barth
Bale Mountains, Ethiopia, August 2014
Pternistis castaneicollis

Includes: Black-fronted Francolin


[edit] Identification

Length 33-37 cm; a large francolin
Key features are rusty colours on the head, neck, upper breast and wings; white belly and vent; and red bill and legs.

[edit] Distribution

Eastern Africa: Ethiopia, Somalia and Kenya.

[edit] Taxonomy

Formerly placed in genus Francolinus.

[edit] Subspecies

There are 2 subspecies[1]:

  • P. c. castaneicollis:
  • P. c. atrifrons:
  • Southern Ethiopia and extreme northern Kenya

Five other subspecies are not generally recognised[2].

Subspecies atrifrons is recognized by IOC as full species, Black-fronted Francolin.

[edit] Habitat

Montane heath, forest edges and scrub.

[edit] Behaviour

Usually seen in small groups or pairs.

[edit] Diet

They form feeding coveys; They pick seeds and insects off the ground.

[edit] Vocalisation

Calls mostly at dawn and dusk; kek kek keraak.

[edit] Gallery

Click on photo for larger image

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2016. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2016, with updates to August 2016. Downloaded from
  2. Gill, F and D Donsker (Eds). 2017. IOC World Bird Names (version 7.2). Available at
  3. Avibase
  4. Sinclair, I and P Ryan. 2003. Birds of Africa South of the Sahara. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0691118154
  5. Birdforum thread discussing this species

[edit] External Links


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