Alternative name: Southern Black-headed Munia
- Lonchura atricapilla
- Chestnut brown body
- Black head, nape and throat
- Dark iris
- Pale grey bill, legs and feet
- Pale brown above
- Pale underparts
Asia: found in China, Nepal, India, Bangladesh, Taiwan, Hong Kong
Southeast Asia: Indochina, Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand, Malaysia, Borneo, Singapore, Philippines, Indonesia, Greater Sundas, Sumatra, Java and Sulawesi.
This species occurs as feral in several countries, for example Portugal and Hawaii.
There are 9 subspecies:
- L. a. atricapilla: South-eastern Nepal and north-eastern India to Myanmar and north-western Yunnan
- L. a. deignani: South-western China (south-western Yunnan) to Thailand, Laos and Vietnam
- L. a. sinensis: Peninsula Thailand, Malaya, Sumatra, Riau Archipelago and Lingga Archipelago
- L. a. batakana: Mountains of northern Sumatra
- L. a. formosana: Taiwan and northern Philippines
- L. a. jagori: Philippines, Sulu Islands, Palawan, Borneo, Sulawesi, Muna and Butung
- L. a. obscura: Borneo (Sampit region of Kalimantan)
- L. a. selimbauensis: Borneo (Pontianak region of western Kalimantan)
- L. a. brunneiceps: Southern Sulawesi (Makassar district)
This species has in the past been lumped with Black-headed Munia.
 Cream-bellied Munia
Cream-bellied Munia (Lonchura pallidiventer) was described in 1996 based on a bird purchased in a bird market. Later studies indicates that this probably was a result of hybridization with the maternal individual a Chestnut Munia and the paternal individual unknown.
Open grassland, paddy fields and cultivation.
A large domed nest built from grass is placed in tall grass. The clutch consists of 4-7 white eggs.
The diet includes seeds and grain.
- Clements, JF. 2009. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2009. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.
- Paper describing DNA analysis of Cream-bellied Munia
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