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Chestnut Munia

From Opus

Subspecies jagoriPhoto © by Karim Madoya Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia, March 2005
Subspecies jagori
Photo © by Karim Madoya
Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia, March 2005

Alternative name: Southern Black-headed Munia

Lonchura atricapilla


[edit] Identification


  • Chestnut brown body
  • Black head, nape and throat
  • Dark iris
  • Pale grey bill, legs and feet

Sexes similar

  • Pale brown above
  • Pale underparts

[edit] Distribution

Asia: found in China, Nepal, India, Bangladesh, Taiwan, Hong Kong
Southeast Asia: Indochina, Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand, Malaysia, Borneo, Singapore, Philippines, Indonesia, Greater Sundas, Sumatra, Java and Sulawesi.

This species occurs as feral in several countries, for example Portugal and Hawaii.

JuvenilePhoto © by horukuruTuaran, Sabah, Borneo, July 2010
Photo © by horukuru
Tuaran, Sabah, Borneo, July 2010

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies[1]

There are 9 subspecies:

  • L. a. atricapilla: South-eastern Nepal and north-eastern India to Myanmar and north-western Yunnan
  • L. a. deignani: South-western China (south-western Yunnan) to Thailand, Laos and Vietnam
  • L. a. sinensis: Peninsula Thailand, Malaya, Sumatra, Riau Archipelago and Lingga Archipelago
  • L. a. batakana: Mountains of northern Sumatra
  • L. a. formosana: Taiwan and northern Philippines
  • L. a. jagori: Philippines, Sulu Islands, Palawan, Borneo, Sulawesi, Muna and Butung
  • L. a. obscura: Borneo (Sampit region of Kalimantan)
  • L. a. selimbauensis: Borneo (Pontianak region of western Kalimantan)
  • L. a. brunneiceps: Southern Sulawesi (Makassar district)

This species has in the past been lumped with Black-headed Munia.

[edit] Cream-bellied Munia

Cream-bellied Munia (Lonchura pallidiventer) was described in 1996 based on a bird purchased in a bird market. Later studies indicates that this probably was a result of hybridization with the maternal individual a Chestnut Munia and the paternal individual unknown.

[edit] Habitat

Open grassland, paddy fields and cultivation.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Breeding

A large domed nest built from grass is placed in tall grass. The clutch consists of 4-7 white eggs.

[edit] Diet

The diet includes seeds and grain.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, JF. 2009. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2009. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.
  2. Avibase
  3. Wikipedia
  4. Paper describing DNA analysis of Cream-bellied Munia

[edit] External Links


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