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Chestnut Sparrow

From Opus

MalePhoto © by volker sthamerLangano, Ethiopia, November 2008
Male
Photo © by volker sthamer
Langano, Ethiopia, November 2008

Alternative name: Emin Bey's Sparrow

Passer eminibey

Contents

[edit] Identification

10.5 - 11.5cm (4-4½ in)

[edit] Male

FemalePhoto © by volker sthamerBurunge, Tanzania, September 2017
Female
Photo © by volker sthamer
Burunge, Tanzania, September 2017
  • Dark chestnut plumage, darker and browner on face
  • Blackish-brown wing and tail with chestnut edges
  • Dark brown eye
  • Blackish bill
  • Pale brown legs

[edit] Female

Non-breeding plumage (with Southern Red Bishop on right)Photo © by volker sthamerBurunge, Tanzania, September 2017
Non-breeding plumage (with Southern Red Bishop on right)
Photo © by volker sthamer
Burunge, Tanzania, September 2017
  • Grey-brown head to upper mantle
  • Chestnut-buff supercilium
  • Chestnut centre of throat and chin
  • Chestnut-brown lower mantle
  • Streaked dark brown scapulars
  • More rufous back to uppertail-coverts
  • Wings and tail like male but paler and buffer edges
  • Dull chestnut chest becoming buff on belly and flanks
  • Paler bill than male

Juveniles are similar to females but paler.

[edit] Distribution

Found in central Chad, southwestern Sudan, South Sudan, and southwestern Ethiopia to northeastern Uganda, Kenya, and central and eastern Tanzania.
Common but local.

[edit] Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].
Has originally been placed in its own genus Sorella.

[edit] Habitat

Photo © by Dave ClarkSamburu National Reserve, Kenya, August 2018
Photo © by Dave Clark
Samburu National Reserve, Kenya, August 2018

Dry acacia savanna, often near swamps and human habitation. Occurs up to 2200m.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Feeds on seeds of grasses and weeds. Nestlings are fed with insects.
Forages mostly in small groups on the ground.

[edit] Breeding

The breeding season coincides with rains and can take place at any time of year. A colonial breeder, sometimes in singe-species colonies but often in mixed ccolonies with Speke's Weaver, Lesser Masked Weaver and/or Grey-capped Social Weaver. The nest is an untidy globe with a side entrance made of grass. It's placed in a tree, often in an old nest of a Weaver. Also ejects original owner of the nest to take it over. Lays 3 - 4 eggs.

[edit] Movements

A nomadic species.

[edit] Gallery

Click on photo for larger image

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliott, and D Christie, eds. 2009. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 14: Bush-shrikes to Old World Sparrows. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8496553507

[edit] External Links

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