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Chestnut Sparrow - BirdForum Opus

Male
Photo © by volker sthamer
Langano, Ethiopia, November 2008

Alternative name: Emin Bey's Sparrow

Passer eminibey

Identification

10.5 - 11.5cm (4-4½ in)

Male

Female
Photo © by volker sthamer
Burunge, Tanzania, September 2017
  • Dark chestnut plumage, darker and browner on face
  • Blackish-brown wing and tail with chestnut edges
  • Dark brown eye
  • Blackish bill
  • Pale brown legs

Female

Non-breeding plumage (with Southern Red Bishop on right)
Photo © by volker sthamer
Burunge, Tanzania, September 2017
  • Grey-brown head to upper mantle
  • Chestnut-buff supercilium
  • Chestnut centre of throat and chin
  • Chestnut-brown lower mantle
  • Streaked dark brown scapulars
  • More rufous back to uppertail-coverts
  • Wings and tail like male but paler and buffer edges
  • Dull chestnut chest becoming buff on belly and flanks
  • Paler bill than male

Juveniles are similar to females but paler.

Distribution

Found in central Chad, southwestern Sudan, South Sudan, and southwestern Ethiopia to northeastern Uganda, Kenya, and central and eastern Tanzania.
Common but local.

Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].
Has originally been placed in its own genus Sorella.

Habitat

Photo © by Dave Clark
Samburu National Reserve, Kenya, August 2018

Dry acacia savanna, often near swamps and human habitation. Occurs up to 2200m.

Behaviour

Diet

Feeds on seeds of grasses and weeds. Nestlings are fed with insects.
Forages mostly in small groups on the ground.

Breeding

The breeding season coincides with rains and can take place at any time of year. A colonial breeder, sometimes in singe-species colonies but often in mixed ccolonies with Speke's Weaver, Lesser Masked Weaver and/or Grey-capped Social Weaver. The nest is an untidy globe with a side entrance made of grass. It's placed in a tree, often in an old nest of a Weaver. Also ejects original owner of the nest to take it over. Lays 3 - 4 eggs.

Movements

A nomadic species.

Gallery

Click on photo for larger image

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliott, and D Christie, eds. 2009. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 14: Bush-shrikes to Old World Sparrows. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8496553507

Recommended Citation

External Links

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