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Alternative name: Bearded Penguin
Length 68-76cm, Smallest of the pygoscelid penguins.
Circumpolar in Antarctic seas.
Breeds on the Antarctic Peninsula and on South Georgia and the South Shetland, South Orkney and South Sandwich Islands. Increasing and expanding range and now breeds in small numbers on Bouvet, Peter First, Heard and Balleny Islands.
Pelagic range mainly in open sea bordering pack ice but movements unclear.
Breeds in large, densely-packed colonies on slopes above shores of islands and Antarctic coasts, otherwise at sea.
Colonial breeder, November-March, two white eggs laid nest is a shallow scrape ringed with small stones. Two white eggs laid in November and incubated for 36 days, first by male than female. Young fed by both sexes and join creche at about 4 weeks.
Aggressive at breeding colonies and regularly charges human intruders.
Crustaceans, especially krill.
Loud braying, growling and hissing calls.
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