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Cinnamon-throated Hermit

From Opus

Photo by birdclubLocation:  Chapada dos Guimaraes NP, Brazil
Photo by birdclub
Location: Chapada dos Guimaraes NP, Brazil
Phaethornis nattereri

Includes Maranhao Hermit


[edit] Identification

10 cm, a small hermit
Underside is essentially tawny, while crown, upper back and wings are dusky-greenish. Uppertail coverts are tipped reddish-chestnut, central tail elongated and tipped white while outer rectrices are tipped buff. Side of head with a black mask surrounded by two pale stripes.

[edit] Sexual variation

Males are darker on throat with shorter central tail projection than female.

[edit] Distribution

South America: found in eastern Bolivia and adjacent south-western Brazil as well as in north-eastern Brazil (Maranhão to Ceará). However, some sources indicates that these two populations are connected or at least have been connected in the recent past.

[edit] Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].

It was concluded that this species includes forms previously described as Maranhao Hermit[4].

[edit] Habitat

Dry to semi-humid forest, savanna and woodland at below 500 m asl.

[edit] Behaviour

Feeds by trap-lining where it visits flowering plants but also eats some insects.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from
  2. Ber van Perlo. 2009. A field guide to the Birds of Brazil. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA. ISBN 978-0-19-530155-7
  3. Hinkelmann, C. and P. F. D. Boesman (2020). Cinnamon-throated Hermit (Phaethornis nattereri), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, D. A. Christie, and E. de Juana, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.
  4. Hinkelmann, C. (1988) On the identity of Phaethornis maranhaoensis Grantsau, 1968 (Trochilidae). Bull. Brit. Orn. Club 108(1): 14–18.

[edit] Recommended Citation

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