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Cinnamon Bittern

From Opus

Alternative name: Chestnut Bittern

Photo by makusPulau Indah, Selangor state, Malaysia, July 2006
Photo by makus
Pulau Indah, Selangor state, Malaysia, July 2006
Ixobrychus cinnamomeus


[edit] Identification

40–41 cm (15¾-16¼ in)

  • Cinnamon upperparts
  • Buff underparts
  • Greenish-yellow legs
  • Yellow bill


  • Brown back and crown

Juvenile: similar to female but heavily streaked brown underparts

[edit] Distribution

Breeds in Sakhalin and the Russian Far East, Korea and throughout much of eastern and southern China, Indochina, Thailand and Malaysia and on Taiwan, the Philippines, Borneo and Sulawesi. Alco occurs in Burma, west to north-west India and south through the Indian Subcontinent to Sri Lanka.

A summer visitor to breeding range present late April-September. Winters in southern China, Taiwan, Indochina, Thailand and Malaysia, the Philippines and Indonesia.

FemalePhoto by Romy OconMacabebe wetlands, Pampanga, Luzon Island, Philippines, December 2005
Photo by Romy Ocon
Macabebe wetlands, Pampanga, Luzon Island, Philippines, December 2005

[edit] Vagrancy

Recorded as a vagrant in Burma but there is one extraordinary and apparently valid record in Europe. An immature female was caught at Piemonte in northern Italy in November 1912.

[edit] Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].

[edit] Habitat

Reed-swamps and often dry grassland, prefers drier habitats than Little Bittern but also seen by ponds and rivers. Ricefields, mangroves up to 1830m..

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

The diet consists of frogs, fish, particularly eels, insects and amphibians.

[edit] Breeding

They nest in on a platform nest of reeds lined with grasses and leaves. The clutch consists of 4-6 dull white eggs which are incubate by both adults for 23 days.

[edit] Gallery

Click on photo for larger image

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2015. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2015, with updates to August 2015. Downloaded from
  2. Birding in Taiwan; naturia

[edit] External Links


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