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Cinnamon Bittern - BirdForum Opus

Alternative name: Chestnut Bittern

Photo by makus
Pulau Indah, Selangor state, Malaysia, July 2006
Ixobrychus cinnamomeus


40–41 cm (15¾-16¼ in)

  • Cinnamon upperparts
  • Buff underparts
  • Greenish-yellow legs
  • Yellow bill


  • Brown back and crown

Juvenile: similar to female but heavily streaked brown underparts


Breeds in Sakhalin and the Russian Far East, Korea and throughout much of eastern and southern China, Indochina, Thailand and Malaysia and on Taiwan, the Philippines, Borneo and Sulawesi. Alco occurs in Burma, west to north-west India and south through the Indian Subcontinent to Sri Lanka.

A summer visitor to breeding range present late April-September. Winters in southern China, Taiwan, Indochina, Thailand and Malaysia, the Philippines and Indonesia.

Photo by Romy Ocon
Macabebe wetlands, Pampanga, Luzon Island, Philippines, December 2005


Recorded as a vagrant in Burma but there is one extraordinary and apparently valid record in Europe. An immature female was caught at Piemonte in northern Italy in November 1912.


This is a monotypic species[1].


Reed-swamps and often dry grassland, prefers drier habitats than Little Bittern but also seen by ponds and rivers. Ricefields, mangroves up to 1830m..



The diet consists of frogs, fish, particularly eels, insects and amphibians.


They nest in on a platform nest of reeds lined with grasses and leaves. The clutch consists of 4-6 dull white eggs which are incubate by both adults for 23 days.


Click on photo for larger image


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2015. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2015, with updates to August 2015. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Birding in Taiwan

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