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Cinnamon Hummingbird - BirdForum Opus

Photo by Stanley Jones
Los Tarrales, Guatemala, April 2010
Amazilia rutila


Photo © by Stanley Jones
La Ensenada Lodge, Manzanillo Puntarenas Province, Costa Rica, 6 July, 2023


  • Bronze-green upperparts
  • Cinnamon underparts
  • Square, rufous tail edged gold-green


Northern Mexico to western Costa Rica as well as the Tres Marias Islands.

Accidental vagrant to Arizona and New Mexico with one record in each.



This is a polytypic species, consisting of four subspecies[1]:

  • A. r. graysoni:
  • Tres Marías Islands (off western Mexico)
  • A. r. diluta:
  • Coastal north-western Mexico (Sinaloa and Nayarit)
  • A. r. rutila:
  • Western Mexico (Jalisco to Oaxaca)
  • A. r. corallirostris:
  • South-eastern Mexico (Chiapas) to western Costa Rica; Holbox Island, Isla Mujeres


Secondary semi-humid broadleaf forest, ornamental plantings, and coffee plantations, dry forests. Lowlands ca. 750 m.


The diet includes nectar.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, S. M. Billerman, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2022. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2022. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Gill, F, D Donsker, and P Rasmussen (Eds). 2022. IOC World Bird List (v 12.2) DRAFT. Doi 10.14344/IOC.ML.12.2. http://www.worldbirdnames.org/
  3. Project Wildbird
  4. BF Member observations

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